1.  “A Computer Program for Reconstruction of Highway Accidents”  McHenry, R. R.,  Proceedings of the 17th Stapp Car Crash Conference, SAE Paper 73-0980, November 12-13, 1973.

2.  “On the Mechanics of Vehicle Collisions”, Marquard, E., Automobiletechnische Zeitschrift, Volume 64, No. 5, May 1962, pages 142-148.

3.  “Progress in the calculations of Vehicle Collisions”  Marquard, E., Automobiletechnische Zeitschrift, Jarq. 68, Heft 3, 1966.

4.  “Vehicle Mechanics of Intersection Collision Impact”, SAE Paper 70-0177, presented at SAE Automotive Congress, Detroit, Jan 1970.

5.  “Non-Central Collisions of Two Rubber Tired Vehicles”,  Bohm, F. and Horz, E. Automobiletechnische Zeitschrift, Volume 79, Number 11, pages 385-389 and Number 23, pages 428-432, 1968.

6.  “Analytical Approach to Automobile Collisions”, Emori, R I. SAE Paper No. 68-0016.

7.  "Development of Analytical Aids for Minimization of Single Vehicle Accidents", CAL Report No. VJ-2251-V-10 (with N. J. Deleys), July 1971.

8.  "Determination of Physical Criteria for Energy Conversion System", McHenry, R. R., Deleys, N. J.,  Bureau of Public Roads, Program Review Meeting of R&D of Traffic Systems, Gaithersburg, Maryland, December 6-8, 1966.

9.  “SMAC-87”, McHenry, B.G. and McHenry, R. R., SAE Paper 88-0227, presented at the International Congress and Exposition, Detroit, MI 1988.

10. "SMAC-97 - Refinement of the Collision Algorithm", McHenry, B.G., McHenry, R. R., SAE paper No. 97-0947, to be published at the 1997 SAE International Congress and Exposition, Detroit, 1997

11. "Effects of Restitution in the Application of Crush Coefficients", McHenry, R. R., McHenry, B.G., SAE paper No. 97-0960, to be published at the 1997 SAE International Congress and Exposition, Detroit, 1997

12. “Motions of Skidding Automobiles”, Radt, H.S. and Milliken, W.F., SAE Paper No. 205A, June 1960

13. Fundamentals of Vehicle Dynamics, Gillespie,T.D.,  SAE, ISBN 1-56091-199-9, 

14. “Mathematical Reconstruction of Highway Accidents”, McHenry, R.R., Jones, I.S., Calspan Report No. ZQ-5341-V-2, December 1994

15. “HVOSM-87”, McHenry, B.G., McHenry, R.R., SAE Paper 88-0228, March 1988

16. “Studies of Curb Impacts Using the HVOSM”, (DTFH61-83-C-00086); Griffith, Segal, March 1985.

17. “Traffic Accident Investigation Manual”, Baker, Fricke, Northwestern University Traffic Institute, Evanston, Illinois, 60204, ISBN 0-912642-07-6

18. “Friction Applications in Accident Reconstruction”, Warner, Smith, James, Germane, SAE 83-0612

19. “A Computerized Model for Simulating the Braking and Steering Dynamics of Trucks, Tractor-SemiTrailers, Doubles and Triples Combinations – USERS MANUAL – PHASE 4”, MacAdam, C.C, Fancher, P.S., Hu, G.T., Gillespie, T.D., MVMA Project 1197, UM-HSRI-80-58, NTIS PB#80-227994, Sept. 1980

20. “Truck and Tractor-Trailer Dynamic Response Simulation 0 T3DRS:V1 – USERS MANUAL”, Gillespie, T.D., MacAdam, C.C., Hu, G.T., FHWA-RD-79-125, December 1980, Contract DOT-FH-11-9330, UM-HSRI-79-38-1

21. “Impact of Specific Geometric Features on Truck Operations and Safety at Interchanges, Vol II – Appendixes”, Ervin, R., Barnes, M., MacAdam, C., Scott, R., FHWA/RD-86/058, DTFH61-82-C-00054, August 1985

22. “Truck and Tractor-Trailer Dynamic Response Simulation – Volume 2, Technical Report”, Gillespie, T., MacAdam, C., Hu, G., Bernard, J., Winkler, C., FHWA-RD-79-124, UM-HSRI-79-85-2, Contract DOT-FH-11-9330, December 1980

23. “Effects of Tire Properties on Truck and Bus Handling”, Ervin, R.D., Winkler, C.B., Bernard, J.E., Gupta, R.K., DOT-HS-802 141, UM-HSRI-76-11, Contract DOT-HS-4-00943, Dec 1976, Volume 1: NTIS PB 263 878, Volume II, Appendix C: NTIS PB 263 879, Volume III, Appendices D,E,F,G: NTIS PB 263 880

24. “Evaluation of Horizontal Curve Design”, Segal, D.J., Ranney, T.A., FHWA-RD-79-48, Contract DOT-FH-11-8501, October 1978

25. “Car Collisions – The Movement of Cars and Their Occupants in Accidents”, Grime, G., Jones, I.S., Proceedings Institute of Mechanical Engineers, 1969-1970, Vol 184, Part 2A, No. 5

26. “A Comparison of Moment of Inertia Estimation Techniques for Vehicle Dynamics Simulation”, MacInnis, D.D., Cliff, W.E., Ising, K.W., SAE Paper 970951

27. “Extended Tire Testing”, Tapia, Calspan, Nov 1983, Contract DTNH22-81-C-07100, NTIS PB 85 103604

28. “CRASH3 User’s Guide and Technical Manual”, NHTSA, Revised edition, April 1982

29. “A Summary of Recent Side Impact Reseach Conducted by the Federal Highway Administration”,  Hargrave, M. W., Hansen, A.G., Hinch, J.A., SAE Paper 89-0377

30. “Analysis of Utility Pole Impacts”, Morgan, J.R., Ivey, D.L., Texas A&M, SAE Paper 870607

31. “Development of Reconstruction Procedure for Pole Accidents”,  Mak, K,K,m Labra, J.J., Southwest Research, Contract DTHN 22-80-C-07014, November 1980

32. “Frontal Crush Energy and Impulse Analysis of Narrow Object Impacts, Smith, G.C., James, M.B., Perl, T.R., Struble, D.E., Collision Safety Engineering, ASME Paper 87-WA/SAF-5, December 1987

33. “Application of the NHTSA Crash Database to Pole Impact Predictions”, Nystrom, G.A., Kost, G., Failure Analysis, SAE Paper 920605

34. “An Experimental Study of Automobile Driver Characteristics and Capabilities”,  Rice, Dell’Amico Calspan Report ZS-5208-K-1

35. “Driver Perception Response Time”. Olson, The University of Michigan, SAE 89-0731

36. “Driver Response and Behavior on Being Confronted with a Pedestrian or a Vehicle Suddenly Darting across the Road”, Araki, Matsuura, Osaka Sangyo University, SAE Paper 90-0144

37. “Perception/Reaction Time Values for Accident Reconstruction”,  Sens.Cheng, Wiechel, Guenther, SAE Paper 89-0732

38. “A comparison of Devices Used to Measure Vehicle Braking Decleeration”, Eubanks, Haight, Malmsbury & Casteel, SAE Paper 930665

39. “A comprehensive Review of Pedestrian Impact Reconstruction”, Brooks, Weichel, Sens & Guenther SAE Paper 87-0605

40. “The Physics of Throw Distance in Accident Reconstruction”,  Searle, SAE Paper No. 93-0659





Appendix A:CRASH3 Table 8-1 (ref 28)